The 2.3% growth in the construction sector reflected in the StatsSA GDP Q2 2018 figures is not an accurate reflection of the state of South Africa’s construction sector, says the President of the Master Builders’ Association North, Musa Shangase.
MBA North, which represents members in Gauteng, North West, Mpumalanga and Limpopo, was reacting to a GDP snapshot that indicated slight growth in the construction sector in Q218, following up to ten years of slow growth and stagnation in the sector across the country, with confidence in the sector dropping to a 17-year low last year. “Although the construction sector showed a 2.3% increase in the statistics released by Stats SA, these are based on infrastructure projects that do not have any influence on the building industry,” says Shangase.
“Earlier this year, we noted that the entire sector faced a ‘state of emergency’, with even major construction firms living ‘hand to mouth’, and the situation has not improved. Confidence in the building industry is at its lowest level since the third quarter in 2000. The initial euphoria in January has rapidly given way to massive negativity. A number of large construction companies are in business rescue or have declared insolvency. As the construction sector is an important indicator of overall economic performance, this should be cause for concern across the country.”
Shangase notes several key challenges impacting the sector’s performance, including lack of payment, illegal protest action, skills shortages and the struggling economy as a whole. “Since 2013 the industry has been in the headlines for all wrong reasons. Most notable has been the finalisation of the Competition Commission enquiries,” he says. “Private investment in building has declined 16.7% for the first 6 months of 2018 versus the first 6 months of 2017. Government is not paying suppliers on time and has also slowed the number of projects that are being awarded.”
“Master Builders SA has issued a number of statements around the state of the industry and is actively interacting with treasury in an effort to get members paid. The lack of payment by government is negatively impacting a large number of smaller players in the industry and also sub-contractors who traditionally rely on the larger companies for work. A lack of new work is further impacting on the support professions such as architects, civil engineers and quantity surveyors. This is heightening competition within the building industry and suppliers to the industry,” Shangase says.
Compounding the situation is political and union unrest, as well as wave after wave of illegal protest action - often marred by violence, harm and the destruction of property, he says. “The financial impact of these protests is catastrophic – no business can sustain the continuous onslaught of work stoppages, delays in completing works, threats and intimidation to management, and employees living in constant fear of their lives. Industrial action increasingly making headlines. Post-Marikana, lending firms have shown less confidence in the mining industry, which has a direct impact on construction and its costs.”
With too few trained artisans and skilled supervisors, some contractors are having to seek skills elsewhere, only to be met with high salary demands, which adds pressure to a sector already facing salary costs totalling 29% of operating costs.
Shangase notes that as the South African economy slipped into recession during the second quarter of 2018, and the value of the rand decreases, project costs rise, as does the price of construction materials like steel and oil. “Commodity markets are affected, with subsequent decreases in revenue being felt by major construction firms. Combined with this, a lack of clear political stability and a lack of political will in a number of provinces is not helping to give any clarity as the way forward,” he says.